Prop 1 Passes – California Voters Narrowly Pass Proposition Requiring Counties to Spend on Homelessness

Connor Forbes
Connor Forbes
6 Min Read
Gov. Gavin Newsom placed much political capital on Proposition 1 passing. Photo by Damian Dovarganes, AP Photo via CalMatters

Prop 1 Passes


SACRAMENTO, Calif. (AP) — California voters have passed a measure that will impose strict requirements on counties to spend on housing and drug treatment programs to tackle the state’s homelessness crisis.

Proposition 1 marks the first update to the state’s mental health system in 20 years and a win for Democratic Gov. Gavin Newsom, who spent significant time and money campaigning on the measure’s behalf. He raised more than $13 million to promote it with the support of law enforcement, first responders, hospitals and mayors of major cities. Opponents raised just $1,000.

Voters were split on the issue in early returns, and it took more than two weeks after Election Day to confidently declare a winner.

Newsom celebrated after the proposition narrowly passed.

“This is the biggest change in decades in how California tackles homelessness, and a victory for doing things radically different,” he said in a statement. “Now, counties and local officials must match the ambition of California voters. This historic reform will only succeed if we all kick into action immediately – state government and local leaders, together.”

The measure gives the state greater control over a voter-approved tax enacted in 2004 on millionaires for mental health services that gave counties wide latitude in how to spend it. Counties will now be required to spend about two-thirds of the money on housing and programs for homeless people with serious mental illnesses or substance abuse problems.

With makeshift tents lining streets and disrupting businesses in communities across the state, homelessness has become one of the most frustrating issues in California and one sure to dog Newsom should he ever mount a national campaign.

Newsom touted the proposition as the final piece in his plan to reform California’s mental health system. He has already pushed for laws that make it easier to force people with behavioral health issues into treatment.

William Elias, a television producer in Sacramento, said he “was on the fence” about Proposition 1 but decided to vote in favor of it because of the pervasive homelessness problem.

“That’s something that’s all around us right now,” he said. “We got all these tents out here in front of City Hall.”

Estrellita Vivirito, a Palm Springs resident, also voted ‘yes’ on the measure.

“It’s only logical, you know, we have to do something,” she said.

Katherine Wolf, a doctoral student at the University of California, Berkeley, said she voted ‘no’ on the measure out of concerns it would result in more people being locked up against their will.

“I was appalled of the system of laws that he has been building to kind of erode the rights of people with mental disabilities,” Wolf said of Newsom.

Griffin Bovee, a Republican state worker in Sacramento, also voted against the proposition and said the state has been wasting taxpayer money.

“Sacramento really shouldn’t get another dime until they actually figure out why what they’re doing is not working,” he said of the state’s handling of the homelessness crisis. “They spent $20 billion over the past few years trying to fix that problem and it got worse.”

The state accounts for nearly a third of the homeless population in the United States; roughly 181,000 Californians are in need of housing. The state, with a current inventory of 5,500 beds, needs some 8,000 more units to treat mental health and addiction issues.

Revenue from the tax on millionaires, now between $2 billion and $3 billion a year, provides about one-third of the state’s total mental health budget.

Opponents, including some county officials, mental health service providers and some Republicans, said the ballot measure would cut funding from cultural centers, peer-support programs and vocational services and would pit those programs against services for homeless people.

They said the single formula also could mean rural counties such as Butte, with a homeless population of fewer than 1,300 people, would be required to divert the same percentage of funds to housing as urban counties such as San Francisco, which has a homeless population six times bigger.

Newsom’s administration has already spent at least $22 billion on various programs to address the crisis, including $3.5 billion to convert rundown motels into homeless housing. California is also giving out $2 billion in grants to build more treatment facilities.

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Prop 1 Passes. Department of Elections workers Eve Wu, left, Hong Pha Ngo, center, and Da Yuan Chen, right, run a ballot sorting system at City Hall in San Francisco on March 5, 2024. Credit: Photo by Juliana Yamada for CalMatters
Department of Elections workers Eve Wu, left, Hong Pha Ngo, center, and Da Yuan Chen, right, run a ballot sorting system at City Hall in San Francisco on March 5, 2024. Photo by Juliana Yamada for CalMatters
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